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Pressed Flowers : 19th Century Album
(Thought to be from the former Glendoune House Library, near Girvan, Ayrshire)

The following List is compiled from a large album containing a significant selection of pressed flowers and plants. From the evidence to hand, the collection would appear to have been put together sometime during the first half of the 19th century, more likely around the period 1830-1850. It would appear that at least some of the samples may have had a medicinal or homeopathic connection.

Research so far suggests that Glendoune House at one time belonged to George Kirkpatrick Young who apparently sold the property to Spencer Boyd in 1845.  The collection may have been put together either by one of these owners, or any member of their families, or even possibly someone such a Head-Gardener, etc., if there ever had been one.  Any further information on the subject is very welcome! 

S.F.H. gratefully acknowledges the assistance given by Dr Jeff Russel of Switzerland for his help with identification. 




Original 19th Century Classification :
with some additional comments from the Internet
Modern Classification : Items with an *
supplied by Dr Jeff Russel of Switzerland
Achilea milefolium Achillea millefolium (Old Man’s pepper, Yarrow)*
Aconitum napellus (Monks-hood) Aconitum napellus (Monks-hood)
Adiantum (Maidenhair) (spelling correction) Adiantum (Maidenhair)
Alium (Allium) (Garlic) Allium sativum*
Althea officinalis (Marshmallow +) Althaea officinalis (Marshmallow +)*
Amarantus (Love lies in bleeding) x 2 Amaranthus (Pigweed)*
Anemone nemorum (Wood Anemone) Anemone nemorum (Wood Anemone)
Anthemis vulgaris (Bitter chamomile +) Anthemis vulgaris (Bitter chamomile +)
Antirrhinum Linaria (Snap-dragon & others) Antirrhinum linaria (Snap-dragon & others)*
Avena (Oats) Avena (Oats)
Bellis Perennis (Daisy) Bellis perennis (Daisy)*
Betonica officinalis (Wood Betony +) Betonica officinalis (Wood Betony +)
Calendula officialis (marygold) (Pot Marigold +) Calendula officialis (marygold) (Pot Marigold +)
Caltha palustris (Marsh marigold) Caltha palustris (Marsh marigold)
Cardamine palustris (Cukoo flower) Cardamine palustris (Cuckoo flower)*
Celadine Plumeria rubra (Celadine)*
Centaurium cianus (blavowr) Centaurium cianus (blavowr)
Cheiranthus cheiri (Wall-flower) Cheiranthus cheiri (Wall-flower)
Chrysanthemum Leucanthemum (Oxeye Daisy) Chrysanthemum leucanthemum (Oxeye Daisy)*
Chrysanthemum segetum (Corn marigold) Chrysanthemum segetum (Corn marigold)
Cochlearia hortensis (Scurvy grass) Cochlearia hortensis (Scurvy grass)
Convallaria (Lily of the valley) Convallaria majalis (Lilly of the Valley)*
Convolulus Arvensis (Field Bindweed) Convolvulus arvensis (Field Bindweed)*
Croci germen Crocus (germen?)*
Crocus Sativus (Crocus Saffron) Crocus sativus (Saffron Crocus)
Dianthus barbatus (Sweet William) Dianthus barbatus (Sweet William)
Dianthus cariophillus (Clove Pink) (see below) Dianthus cariophillus (Clove Pink) (see below)
Dianthus caryophyllus (Clove Pink) (see above) Dianthus caryophyllus (Clove Pink) (see above)
Epilobium angustifolium (Rosebay Willowherb) Epilobium angustifolium (Rosebay Willowherb)
Epilobium montanum (Broad-leaved Willowherb) Epilobium montanum (Broad-leaved Willowherb)
Equisetum arvense (Horse-tail) (Field Horsetail or Common Horsetail) Equisetum arvense (Horse-tail) (Field Horsetail or Common Horsetail)
Equisetum palustre (Marsh Horsetail) Equisetum palustre (Marsh Horsetail)
Erica (Heath or Ling) Erica (Heath or Ling)
Euphorbia helioscopia (Sun Spurge) Euphorbia helioscopia (Sun Spurge)
Faba (The Bean) Vicia faba (Broad Bean)*
Filix (Fearn or Brake) Dryopteris filix (Male fern)/Athyrium filix (Ladyfern)*
Flewr (Fleur)=de=luce (Iris - a type of) Iris pseudacorus (Fleur de Luce)*
Fragaria vesca (Woodland Strawberry) Fragaria vesca (Woodland strawberry)
Fritilaria Fritillaria*
Frittilaria Perscia Fritillaria persica (Adiyaman)*
Fumaria officinalis Fumaria officinalis (Fumitory)*
Gentiana acaulis (Stemless Gentian) Gentiana acaulis (Stemless Gentian)
Geranium arvense Geranium arvense
Geum Geum
Gladiolus communis (Gladiolus) Gladiolus communis (Gladiolus)
Glecoma hederacia (ground ivy) Glechoma hederacia (ground ivy)*
Gnaphalium (Cudweed type) Gnaphalium (Cudweed type)
Helleboris viris (Green Hellibore) Helleborus viridis (Green Hellebore)*
Hordium vulgare (Barley) Hordeum vulgare (Barley)*
Hyacinthus (Hyacinth) Hyacinthus (Hyacinth)
Hyoscyamus albus (White hen-bane) Hyoscyamus albus (White hen-bane)
Hypericum perforatum (St John's Wort +) Hypericum perforatum (St John's Wort +)
Hyssopus (Hyssop) (spelling correction) Hyssopus officinalis (Hyssop)
Iris Iris
La mium album (White Deadnettle) Lamium album (White Deadnettle)*
La mium rubrum (archangle or dead nettle) Lamium rubrum (Red archangel or dead nettle)*
Ladys Mantle (Alchemilla type) Alchemilla vulgaris (Lady’s Mantle)*
Lichnis dioica (Red Campion) Lychnis dioica (Red Campion)*
Lilium bulbiferum (Orange Lily or Fire Lily) (spelling correction) Lilium bulbiferum (Orange Lily or Fire Lily)
Lotus corniculatus (Bird's foot) Lotus corniculatus (Bird's foot)
Lupinus perennis Lupinus perennis (Sundial lupine)*
Lysimachia vulgaris (Yellow loosetrife) Lysimachia vulgaris (Yellow loosetrife)
Matricaria chamomilla (Chamomile type) Matricaria chamomilla (Chamomile)*
Naphalium dioicum Gnaphalium dioicum (Cat’s foot)*
Nigella Nigella (Love-in-a-Mist)*
Ononis arvensis (Field Rest-harrow) Ononis arvensis (Field Rest-harrow)
Papaver (Poppy or Chesboul?) Papaver (Poppy or Chesboul?)
Parnasia palustris (Grass-of-parnassus) Parnassia palustris (Marsh grass of parnassus)*
Pisa (Pease) Pisa (Pease)
Polemonium caerulium (Jacob's ladder) Polemonium caeruleum (Jacob's ladder)*
Polignum Viviparum (Alpine Bistort) Polygonum viviparum (Alpine Bistort)
Poligonium bistortum (Bistort) Poligonum bistorta (Bistort)*
Polypodium Filix mas (Fern type) Polypodium filix-mas (Fragrant wood fern)*
Potentilla fruticosa (Marion Red Robin) Potentilla fruticosa (Marion Red Robin)
Primula (Primerose) (Primrose) Primula (Primerose) (Primrose)
Primula auricula Primrose (Bear's ear) Primula auricula (Bear's ear)
Prunella vulgaris (common sealheal +) Prunella vulgaris (common selfheal)*
Pseudo Narcissus : Daffodil (wild Daffodil) Narcissus pseudonarcissus (Wild daffodil)*
Rosa (Red rose) Rosa (Red rose)
Rosa canina (Dog rose) Rosa canina (Dog rose)
Rununculus arvensis (Corn Crowfoot) Ranunculus arvensis (Corn Crowfoot)*
Saxifraga (Saxifrage) Saxifraga (Saxifrage)
Scabiosa arvensis (Gypsy Rose) Scabiosa arvensis (Gypsy Rose ??)*
Scandix odorata (Myrrh) Scandix odorata (Myrrh)
Scrophularia Scorodonia Scrophularia scorodonia (Balm-leaved Figwort)*
Senecio jacobea Senecio jacobea (Ragwort)*
Silene (Campion type) Silene (Campion or Catchfly)*
Sinapi (Mustard) Sinapis alba (white mustard)*
Solanum nigrum (Night shade) (black nightshade) Solanum nigrum (black nightshade)
Spirea ulmaria (Meadow sweet) Spiraea ulmaria (Meadow sweet)*
Stellaria Graminea (grasslike starwort +) Stellaria graminea (common stitchwort)*
Tagetes patula (French marigold) Tagetes patula (French marigold)
Tradiscanlia Virginiana (Spiderwort) Tradescantia virginiana (Virginia spiderwort)*
Trifolium (Clover) Trifolium (Clover)
Trifolium Agrarium (Hop Clover) Trifolium agrarium (Hop Clover)*
Trifolium pratense (Red clover) Trifolium pratense (Red clover)
Trifolium repens (White Clover) Trifolium repens (White Clover)
Triticum hybernum (Wheat) Triticum hybernum (a species of wheat)*
Tulipa (Tulip) Tulipa (Tulip)
Tulipa gesneriana (Didier's Tulip) Tulipa gesneriana (Didier's Tulip)
Tussillago farfara Coltsfoot Tussillago farfara (Coltsfoot)
Tussillago Petasites (Butter –burr) Tussillago petasites (Butterbur)*
Urlica (Urtica?) dioica (Nettle) Urtica dioica (stinging nettle)*
Vaccinium myrtilis (Bilberry) Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry)*
Valantia Cruciata Valantia cruciata (Crosswort)*
Veronica Spicata Veronica spicata (Spiked speedwell)*
Vinca minor (Periwinkle) Vinca minor (Lesser Periwinkle)*
Viola canina (The violate) (Heath Dog-violet) Viola canina (The violate) (Heath Dog-violet)
Viola tricolor (violate) (Heartsease) Viola tricolor (Heartsease)*
Unidentified : (33 items : some samples possibly duplicated)  


Date last modified: Sat 01 Jun 13